George Oster

Professor of Cell and Developmental Biology
Professor Environmental Science, Policy and Management
Keywords: mechanics, materials
Research Areas: mechanics, materials, mathematical modeling of molecular and cellular systems, computational biology, developmental biology, protein motors, cell motility, spatial pattern formation in eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells, insect biology

Research Description:

My research involves construction and testing of theoretical models of molecular, cellular and developmental processes.

Current Projects include investigations into the basic physics and chemistry of protein motors, eukaryotic and prokaryotic cell motility, spatial pattern formation in eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells, and membrane geometry and protein organization.

Selected Publications:

  • Sliusarenko, O., D. Zusman, G. Oster. Aggregation during fruiting body formation in Myxococcus xanthus is driven by reducing cell movement (2007). J. Bacteriology 189(2):611-619.
  • Adelman, J., Y-J. Jeong, J-C. Liao, G. Patel, D-E. Kim, G. Oster, S. Patel. The mechanochemistry of transcription termination factor Rho (2006). Molec. Cell 22(5): 611-621.
  • Liu, J., M. Kaksonen, D. Drubin, G. Oster. Endocytic vesicle scission by lipid phase boundary forces (2006). PNAS 103(27):10277-10282.
  • Sliusarenko, O., D. Zusman, G. Oster. Accordion waves in myxobacteria (2006). PNAS 103(5): 1534-1539.
  • Xing, J., F. Bai, R. Berry, G. Oster. The torque-speed relationship of the bacterial flagellar motor (2006). PNAS. 103(5):1260-1265.
  • Xing, J., H. Wang, G. Oster. From continuum Fokker-Planck models to discrete kinetic models (2005). Biophys. J. 104:055178.
  • Liao, J-C., Jeong, Y-J, D-E. Kim, S. Patel, G. Oster. Sequential nucleotide hydrolysis by the ring- shaped T7 helicase (2005). J. Molec. Biol. 350:452-475.
  • Wolgemuth, C., G. Oster. The role of MSP dynamics in nematode sperm locomotion (2004). Biophys. J. 88: 2462-2471.
  • Igoshin, O., A. Goldbeter, D. Kaiser, G. Oster. A biochemical oscillator explains developmental changes in reversal frequencies of Myxobacteria (2004). PNAS 101(44):15760-15765.
  • Igoshin, O., J. Neu, G. Oster. Developmental waves in Myxobacteria-a novel pattern formation mechanism (2004). Phys. Rev. E 7(041911):1-11.

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